Lots of New Terms

Today, I spent a lot of time learning some new terms. No fancy maps or apps, just some words (and a link to OSM). The following terms seem to appear often in the present discourse around open data, web mapping and governments. OpenStreetMap above is a consistent example of the type of collaborative, interactive mapping experience that has emerged in the last decade. So without further ado…

Web 2.0:
A shift in the way users interact with the web – towards participation and collaboration, rather than static viewing and consumption. Examples include social media, blogs, and interactive online maps. (O’Reilly 2005).

Government 2.0:
“the use of technology – especially collaborative technologies at the heart of Web 2.0 – to better solve collective problems at a city, state, national and international level.” (O’Reilly 2010).

Neogeography:
“combines the complex techniques of cartography and GIS and places them within reach of users and developers.” (Turner 2006).

Others terms that I’ve come across include: public participation GIS, participatory GIS, open government, open data, mashups, collaborative GIS, counter-mapping and FOSS (free and open source software) Can you think of any others?

Link to OSM: http://www.openstreetmap.org/

References:

O’Reilly, T. (2005). What is Web 2.0. Retrieved from: http://oreilly.com/web2/archive/what-is-web-20.html. (Oct 2012).

O’Reilly, T. (2010). Government as a platform. In Lathrop, D., Ruma, L. (Eds.) Open Government: Collaboration, Transparency and Participation in Practice. Sebastopol:O’Reilly. pg. 12.

Turner, A. (2006). Introduction to Neogeography. Retrieved online at http://pcmlp.socleg.ox.ac.uk/sites/pcmlp.socleg.ox.ac.uk/files/Introduction_to_Neogeography.pdf (Oct 2012).

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